Tema broja

LOKALNO I GLOBALNO : SRPSKE TEME

INVOLVEMENT OF FOREIGN FACTOR IN BALKANS WAR AND PEACE

Sažetak

Dissolution and dismemberment of Yugoslavia happened due to internal and foreign factors. Author presents how IR and peace research literature portraits the Balkan wars, reasons for their emergence, and the role of foreign factors. He aims at the mainstream narrative and explains results of the research that is less represented in publications and in University curricula on the subject. Text offers many insights in the role of the foreign fac­tors from Great Britain and Vatican to Germany and USA in aid­ing, abetting and fomenting the wars for the Yugoslav heritage. New enemy and rationale were needed as an excuse for forming of the brave new world. Thus, author claims that dissolution and wars were pretext and sort of testing for the emergence of the dominance of the western model and globalisation followed by the demise of the nation state.

Ključne reči:

Reference

    Documents

    1. International Criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Mladic transcript, Tuesday, 24 November 2015, pp. 41761-41839, http://www.icty.org/x/cases/mladic/trans/ en/151124ED.htm, 07/07/2016;
    2. Memorandum of Conversation, by the Secretary of State” CFM Files, Lot M-88, Box 144, Memos Conv Formins and Sec Sep 1940, Foreign Relations Of The United States, 1949. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union, Volume V [WAsHiNGToN,] September 14, 1949, William Z. Slany, Rogers P. Churchill (eds.), United States Govern­ment Printing Office, Washington 1975
    3. “Origins of the breakup—a U.S. law”, http://iacenter.org/ bosnia/origins.htm, accessed on: 06/07/2016; Original document: H.R.5114 Foreign Operations, Export Fi­nancing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991101st Congress (1989-1990);
    4. The Ambassador in Yugoslavia (Riddleberger) to the De­partment of State”, No. 695 00/7-154: Despatch, Belgrade, July 1, 1954, in Foreign Relations of the Unit­ed States, 1952-1954. Eastern Europe; Soviet Union; Eastern Mediterranean: Volume VIII, p. 1393, Internet, https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus195254v08/pg_1393, 06/07/2016;
    5. “U.S. Policy Toward Yugoslavia” (NSC-NSDD-133), National Security Decision Directives, FAS, http://fas.org/irp/offdocs/nsdd/nsdd-133.htm, 18/03/2015;
    6. Yugoslavia military dinamics of a Potential Civil War, CIA March 1991, C00372340, Internet, https://www.cia.gov/ library/readingroom/docs/1991-03-01.pdf, 07/06/2016.

    Books, articles and internet

    1. Ђурковић Миша, Илузија Европске уније, Catena Mundi, Институт за европске студије, Београд 2015.
    2. Екмечић Милорад, Дуго кретање између клања и орања: Историја Срба у Новом веку 1492-1992, Службени гласник, Београд 2010.
    3. Кнежевић Милош, Мозаик геополитике: Идентитеттранзиција-српско питање, Институт за политичке студије, Београд, 2008.
    4. Пономарјова Јелена Георгијевна, Разбојничка држава: Косово у светској политици, Evro book, Београд, 2017.
    5. Bancroft Ian, “Serbia’s Anniversary is a timely reminder”, Guardian 24 March 2009, Internet, https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/mar/24/serbia-kosovo, 05/07/2016.
    6. Bilandžić Dušan, “The Marxist theoretician and revolution­ary Vladimir Bakaric”, Politička misao, Vol XX/1983, No. 1, pp. 3-23.
    7. Binder David, “In Yugoslavia, Rising Ethnic Strife Brings Fears of Worse Civil Conflict”, The New York Times, November 1, 1987, Internet, http://www.nytimes.com/1987/11/01/world/in-yugoslavia-rising-ethnicstrife-brings-fears-of-worse-civil-conflict.html?pagewanted=all, 19/03/2016;
    8. BIRN, “UN Envoy: Serbs Committed Worst Crime in Bosnia”, Balkan Transitional Justice 25 Nov 15, Internet, http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/witness-claims-all-sides-committed-crimes-11-24-2015/1418/3, 07/07/2016;
    9. Bjelajac Mile, „Kosovo – proizvodnja mita o 1987. i taoci politički korektnog govora (Kosovo The production of the 1987 myth)”, Nova srpska politička misao, XIII (2006), No. 1-4, pp. 235-262.
    10. Buhaug Halvard et al, “It’s the Local Economy, Stupid! Ge­ographic Wealth Dispersion and Conflict Outbreak Lo­cation”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, October 2011 vol. 55 no. 5, pp. 814-840.
    11. Burg Steven L, Shoup, Paul S, The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention (2nd ed.). New York: M. E. Sharpe (2000), pp. 169-171.
    12. Vukman Peter, “The Balkan Pact, 1953-58.An analysis of Yugoslav-Greek-Turkish Relations based on British Archival Sources”, Mediterrân Tanulmânyok (Études sur la région mediterrannéenne, Szeged) 2013. pp. 25-36.
    13. Vuković Slobodan, “Nemačka, Austrija i razbijanje Jugo­slavije” (Germany, Austria and Breakdown of Yugo­slavia), Социолошки преглед, Српско социолошко друштво, Београд, XXXV/2001, no. 3-4, pp. 213— 234;
    14. Galtung Johan, „Četiri teze o jugoslovemkoj krizi”, Ko­munikacija.org, Internet, http://www.komunikacija.org.rs/komunikacija/casopisi/fid/VI/d04/html_ser_lat, 10/02/2011;
    15. Greenhill Kelly M, Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy, Cornell University Press 2010;
    16. Daalder Ivo , “Decision to Intervene: How the War in Bosnia Ended”, Foreign Service Journal, December 1998, Internet, http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/1998/12/balkans-daalder, accessed on 20/05/2016;
    17. “Debate on the wars in Croatia and Bosnia Part I” by Dušan Bilandžic, Mile Bjelajac, Ivo Komšic, Denis Kuljiš, Martin Špegelj, Bosnian Report New series, No: 43-44, Bosnian Institute, Internet, http://www.bosnia.org.uk/bosrep/report_format.cfm?articleid=2965&reportid=167, 02/07/2016;
    18. Deliso Cristopher, The Coming Balkan Caliphate, Praeger Security International, Westport, 2007.
    19. Evangelista Mathew (ed.), Peace Studies: Critical Concepts in Political Science, Routledge, Oxon, UK, 2005.
    20. Zizek Slavoj, “NATO, the Left Hand of God”, Nettime June 29 1999, Internet, http://www.lacan.com/zizek-nato.htm, 06/07/2016;
    21. Igrutinović Milan, „Zapadna Evropa i raspad Jugoslavije”, u Građanski rat u Hrvatskoj, 2013, Br. 9, Udruženje Srba u Hrvatskoj, Beograd, pp. 78-92.
    22. Ingrao Charles, Emmert, Thomas A., “Response to Josip Glaurdić’s review”, East European Politics and Societies Volume 24 Number 2 May 2010, pp. 310-315.
    23. Janković Slobodan, “Collective Identity and Loyalty to Na­tional States in the Balkans”, in: Duško Dimitrijević and Ivona Lađevac (ed.), Challenges of the 21st Century and the Region, Proceedings of the Round table Conference, Belgrade 2013, pp. 79-95.
    24. Carr T.W., “German and US Involvement In The Balkans: A Careful Coincidence of National Policies?”, Presented at the Symposium on the Balkan War, Yugoslavia: Past and Present, Chicago, August 31-September 1, 1995.
    25. Kathman Jacob D., “Civil War Diffusion and Regional Mo­tivations for Intervention”, Journal of Conflict Resolu­tion, December 2011 vol. 55 no. 6, pp. 847-876.
    26. “Kosovo: Ein deutscher Krieg?”, Internet, http://www.friedensnetz.de/Archiv%20Webseiten/Kosovo /Kosovo2.html, 15/06/2017;
    27. Küntzel Matthias, “How Germany paved the way to the Kosovo War”, Contribution to the 2nd International Hearing of the European Tribunal concerning Nato’s war against Yugoslavia. Hamburg, April 16, 2000.
    28. Magaš Branka, Žanić Ivo, The War in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1991-1995, Psychology Press, 2001.
    29. Mates Leo, Nesvrstanost: Teorija i savremena praksa (Eng­lish version: Nonalignment: Theory and Current Poli­cy, Institute of International Politics and Economics; Dobbs Ferry, NY, Oceana Publications, 1972 Political Science 543 pages), Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd 1970.
    30. Nation Craig, War in the Balkans, 1991-2002, Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) August 2003.
    31. Oberg Jan, “The real story: How Milosevic was much more evil than you ever knew # 1”, TFF March 12-13, 2006, http://www.oldsite.transnational.org/SAJT/forum/ meet/2006/Oberg_Slobo_1.html, 21/06/2016;
    32. Kivimäki Timo, Kramer Marina, Pash Paul, “The Dynam­ics of Conflict in the Multi-ethnic State of Bosnia and Herzegovina”, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), Sarajevo 2012.
    33. Pavković Aleksandar, Radan Peter, Creating New States: Theory and Practice of Secession, Routledge,
    34. Pevehouse Jon C., Goldstein, Joshua, “Serbian Compliance or defiance in Kosovo? Statistical analysis and realtime predictions”, Journal of Conflict Resolution August 1999, vol. 43 no. 4, рр. 538-546.
    35. Posen Bary R., “The War for Kosovo: Serbia’s Political-Mil­itary Strategy”, International Security, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Spring 2000), pp. 39-84.
    36. Popović Nikola, “Kada je počelo razbijanje SFRJ?”, in: (Ed­ited by) dr Branislava Knežić, dr Jovan Ćirić, 20 years since the Breaking Up of the SFRY, Institute of com­parative law, Belgrade 2011;
    37. Radeljić Branislav, “Europe 1989-2009: Rethinking the Break-up of Yugoslavia”, p. 116, Internet, http://www.desk.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/download/es_9_Radeljic.pdf, 07/07/2016;
    38. Review essay: On the politics of our humanitarian present, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 2013, volume 31, pages 753 3 760 http://www.forensic-architecture.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Reid-Henry_ReviewEssay.pdf;
    39. Schnabel Albrecht, Thakur Ramesh (eds.), Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective In­dignation, Collective Action, and International Citizen­ship, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 2000.
    40. Thomas Raju C. (ed.), Yugoslavia Unraveled: Sovereign­ty, Self-Determination, Intervention, Lexington Books 2003.
    41. Chossudovsky Michel, Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, Global research 2003.
    42. Woodward Susan, Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold War, Brookings 1995.
    43. “Threatened Peoples, Threatened Borders: World Migra­tion and U.S. Policy”, Reviewed by David C. Hendrick­son, CAPSULE REVIEW May/June 1996 Issue, Internet, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/reviews/capsule-review/1996-05-01/threatened-peoples-threatened-borders-world-migration-and-us, 06/07/2016.
PERIODIKA Nacionalni interes 1/2017 УДК 327::911.3(497)“1990/20“ 39-68
ç