Institute of Social Work and Social Policy, Faculty of Philosophy - Skopje, University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
RETURNING MIGRANTS IN MACEDONIA: THE CHALLENGES OF EDUCATIONAL REINTEGRATION
The issue of reintegration of returning migrants in Macedonia gained increased attention with the rise in returns in the last several years, especially of Macedonian citizens illegal migrants. It has been widely recognised that an organised and systematic state response to the return migration is a key for successful reintegration of returning migrants and prevention of re-emigration and social exclusion. The paper elaborates the legislative, policy-making and practical challenges of reintegration of returnees in the domain of education. The focus is on: access to education for returning children at primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education; access to adult education for returning adults and older people; as well as obstacles for higher educational attainment and outcomes related to language barriers, extracurricular assistance and recognition of diplomas and qualifications.
WELFARE STATE IDEOLOGIES AND LONG-TERM CARE REGIMES: CHALLENGES OF WORKING AGE CARERS WITH DEPENDENT RELATIVES IN MACEDONIA
The aim of the paper is twofold: to analyse to what extent the concept of “reconciliation between professional and private life” fits into the tradition and scope of the long-term care (LTC) regimes in Europe, as well as to provide insight into the challenges of working age carers in Macedonia. The initial hypothesis of the paper is to identify whether the lack of support towards carers in some of the European long-term care regimes is associated with the tradition and/or welfare ideology in which LTC systems were created. For that purpose, a comparative analysis will be undertaken of LTC schemes in four different welfare state regimes (Esping-Andersen, 1990) i.e. in Sweden, Germany, UK and Italy. The analysis will take into consideration the founding principles of the LTC regimes, welfare ideology as well as the scope of support provided to carers in the respective countries. The second part of the paper will provide insight into challenges faced by working age carers with dependent relatives in Macedonia. This country case study will provide insight into the challenges faced by the caregivers due to lack of balance between the overall package of social protection, health and employment measures. Hence, this part will try to support the evidence that in countries where labour market support of the carers’ is marginalized, carers’ are more vulnerable category, especially in relation to employment and decent living standards.