Ahmad Hakky Mohammad
OMBUDSMAN/HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTION IN THE MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES
The Ombudsmen institution is a relatively young institution in the political systems of 133 countries of the world. Although its founder is tied to Sweden, where this institution was founded in the early 19th century, its rapid spread only came in the sixties and seventies of the 20th century. In the Middle East, this institution exists in just a few countries. This institution continues to exist in this region and in certain countries only at the beginning of the 21st century. The institution of ombudsman in the interests of the Middle East is not close to the political systems of these countries, nor to the usual nor the cultural ambience. However, since it protects human rights and controle public administration, it is also necessary in the political regime of the countries of the Middle East. In this paper, special attention is paid to the Ombudsman/National Human Rights Institution in some countries of the Middle East.