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МЕЂУНАРОДНИ ОДНОСИ: ИЗАЗОВИ БЕЗБЕДНОСТИ

ФРАНЦУСКА, УЈЕДИЊЕНО КРАЉЕВСТВО И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЕ МУЛТИЛАТЕРАЛИЗАЦИЈЕ ФОРМАЛНЕ СТРАТЕШКЕ КОНТРОЛЕ НАОРУЖАЊА

Сажетак

Током америчко-руске дебате о продужетку Новог СТАРТ-а током 2019. и 2020. године, обе земље су поново покренуле питање мултилатерализације стратешке офанзивне контроле наоружања. Међутим, док су САД позвале на учешће Кине, Русија је још једном поновила хладноратовски став некадашњег Совјетског Савеза о неопходности учешћа Француске и Велике Британије у контроли стратешког наоружања. Имајући у виду одбијање Кине да се придружи разговорима о продужетка Новог СТАРТ-а, на које их је у више наврата позивала Трампова администрација, из различитих разлога, сврха овог чланка је да истражи ставове Француске и Велике Британије, две европске државе и чланице НАТО-а са стратешким оружјем, у односу на руски позив и изгледе и предуслове за мултилатерализацију контроле стратешког наоружања кроз њихово учешће. У овом настојању ауторка користи концепт стратешке стабилности и анализира низ примарних и секундарних извора, укључујући хронологију преговора и садржај уговора о контроли стратешког наоружања и других релевантних уговора, француских и британских стратешких докумената, као и изјаве званичника из ових и других релевантних земаља. Ауторка закључује да би се Велика Британија и Француска вероватније укључиле у формалну контролу стратешког наоружања ако су испуњена најмање три скупа предуслова – „дозвола“ САД -а и НАТО -а, једнакост у стратешким снагама и током преговора и побољшано стратешко окружење.

кључне речи:

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Српска политичка мисао 3/2021 3/2021 UDC 341.67(4) 27-56
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