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ČLANCI I STUDIJE

TRANSFORMACIJA EKONOMSKOG I POLITIČKOG KAPITALA ELITA U POST-KOMUNIZMU

Sažetak

Rad je usmeren na identifikaciju trendova u genezi post-komunističkih elita i njihove kontekstualne, sistemske eksplikacije. Analiza je utemeljena na konceptima francuskog sociologa Pjera Burdijea konceptima „polja“ i „kapitala“ koji su naročito pogodni za analizu transformacije elita. Burdije naglašava da su pozicije akte­ra unutar polja objektivno definisane njihovim rangom u strukturi (re)distribucije moći ili kapitala (ekonomskog, političkog, socijalnog i kulturnog) koji su konvertibilni jedan u drugi. Izložene su tri glavne teorije o procesu transformacije elita u regionu Centralno-Istočne Evrope: teorija reprodukcije elita, teorija cirkulacije elita, te teorija klasne reprodukcije elita. Autorka zapaža da se formirala nova politička klasa post-komunizma, ideološki heterogena, ali socijalno-klasno homogena, koja, uprkos tome što deklarativno zagovara demokratiju, teži hegemoniji. Ovaj hegemonistički blok moći sastoji se od bivših komunističkih tehnokrata, nove post-komunističke politokratije i intelektualne elite koja je kreator javnog mnenja. Mehanizam vladanja ovog heterogenog bloka moći je „menadžerizam“ koji je postao ideologija nove post-komunističke elite.

Ključne reči:

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