Izaberi jezik:
Tema broja

spt2/2014

Regional Separatisms and Independence Referendums in Europe

Sažetak

This paper explores the issue of regional separatisms and referendums on self-determination in Europe. These disintegration processes run counter to the ongoing universal trends of globalisation and global market creation. Although international legal documents define the self-determination as a right vested only in sovereign nations,  aspirations of this kind are in practice increasingly exhibited by minority groups and nations. Furthermore, in some situations we are witnesses of double standards on self-determination, particularly remarkable in the case of Kosovo and Metohija. However, these disintegration processes are not confined to the states of the former Eastern Block, but are also present in the well-established and developed democracies boasting a broad spectrum of minority protection rights. These trends are particularly present in southern member-states of the EU, eroding its very foundations built on the idea of a united Europe as a multiethnic, multilingual and multicultural creation.

Ključne reči:

Reference

    1. Аlesina, A.; Spolaore, & Wacziarg, R. (2000) “Economic Integration and Political Disintegration”, The American Economic Review, 90(5): 1276-1296.
    2. Cassese, (2011) Samoodređenje naroda. Beograd: Službeni glasnik.
    3. Knežević, (2002) „Тranzit – тranzicija – transformacija (Pretemeljenje države ne-države na tri „T“ području)“. In: Vladimir N. Cvetković, (ed.): (Re)konstrukcija institucija: Godinu dana tranzicije u Srbiji (Collection of papers from the scientific conference „Institutional (re)construction of Serbia and Yugoslav society, one year later“, Banja Koviljača, 2001). Belgrade: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung – Institute of Philosophy and Social Theory. рp. 121–140.
    4. Mirović, Aleksandra (2014) „Integracija i dezintegracija kao paralelni procesi savremene globalizacije“. In: Zoran Milošević, Živojin Đurić (eds.): (Dez)integracija država i identitet (Collection of papers from the scientific conference held in Belgrade 28-29 April 2014). Beograd: Institut za političke studije. pp. 67–100.
    5. Mirović, Aleksandra (2012) „Značaj i održivost nacionalnog identiteta u savremenim globalizacijskim i integracionim procesima“, Nacionalni interes, 13(1): 79-109.
    6. Newhouse, Joseph (1997) “Europe’s Rising Regionalism“, Foreign Affairs 76(1): 67-84.
    7. Institute for National Strategic Studies (1999) Strategic Assessment 1999, Chapter One: “Global Political Trends: Integration or Disintegration?”, Washington DC: Institute for National Strategic Studies. pp. 1–18.

    Online resources and media articles

    1. “89% of Veneto residents vote for independence from Rome”, RT News, March 23, 2014, http://rt.com/news/venice-votes-independence-italy.585/ (31/03/2014).
    2. Brzezinski, Z. (2014) “Russia needs to be offered a ‘Finland option’ for Ukraine”, The Financial Times, 22 Feb. 2014, ft.com/cms/…/e855408c-9bf6-11e3-afe3-00144feab7de.html (22/03/2014).
    3. Brzezinski, Z. (2014a) “What is to be done? Putin’s aggression in Ukraine needs a response”, Washington Post, March 3, 2014, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/zbigniew-brzezinski-after-putins-aggression-in-ukraine-the-west-must-be-ready-to-respond/2014/03/03/25b3f928-a2f5-11e3-84d4-e59b1709222c_story.html (24/03/2014).
    4. Carrera, X. V. (2014) The Domain of Spain: How Likely is Catalan Independence. (online) http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/domain-spain-how-likely-catalan-independence.
    5. Füle:„Referendum pretnja evropskim granicama“, source: Tanjug, Politika, 13 March 2014. http://www.svp.eu/de/english/.
    6. Kremenyuk, V. A. (1996) “Conflict management in the former USSR and world experience”; in: Kumar Rupesinghe and Valery A. Tishkov (eds.), Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World, United Nations University Press, The UN University, Tokyo – New York – Paris, 1996, http://archive.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/uu12ee/uu12ee00.htm.
    7. Mofett, M. „Spanish Government Criticizes New Independence Vote in Catalonia“, (online), http://online.wsj.com/articles/spanish-government-criticizes-new-independence-vote-in-catalonia-1414700565.
    8. Marchetti, S. „The South Tyrol Identity Crisis: To Live in Italy, but Feel Austrian“, (online), http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/may/30/south-tyrol-live-in-italy-feel-austrian.
    9. „OEBS: Referendum na Krimu ‘nezakonit’“, source: Tanjug, Politika, 13 March 2014.
    10. Otašević, Ana, „Kad političari ratuju metaforama: Tako su i Srbi postajali nacisti“, 09 March.03.2014, http://www.politika.rs/rubrike/Tema-nedelje/Kad-politicari-ratuju-metaforama/Tako-su-i-Srbi-postajali-nacisti.sr.html (22/03/2014).
    11. Payin, Emil, “Settlement of ethnic conflicts in post-Soviet society”, in: Kumar Rupesinghe and Valery A. Tishkov (eds.), Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World, United Nations University Press, The UN University, Tokyo – New York – Paris, 1996, http://archive.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/uu12ee/uu12ee00.htm.
    12. „Škotska, snovi o nezavisnosti“ (Stevan Kostić), RTS, 7 March 2014, www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story (09/10/2014).
    13. Šuvaković, Zorana, „Kosovska senka nad referendumima u Evropi“, Политика, 12 March, 2014
    14. „Zašto škotski referendum brine Balkan“, RTS, 13 September 2014, www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story (09/10/2014).

     

PERIODIKA Serbian Political Thought 2/2014 UDC 341.218.4+341.231:342.573(4) 179-192
ç