Tema broja

MEĐUNARODNI ODNOSI: IZAZOVI BEZBEDNOSTI

POSTKOLONIJALNI SISTEM VLASTI KAO OSNOVA KONFLIKATA U NIGERIJI

Sažetak

Nigerija je jedno vrlo kompleksno društvo sa preko 300 različitih etničkih grupacija, oko 500 različitih jezika i ekstremno brzim rastom populacije sa preko 210 miliona stanovnika u 2021. godini. Spajanje ovih različitih grupa i identiteta u jedan zajednički entitet predstavljao je ozbiljan problem još od stvaranja moderne države 1914. godine, koji su kolonijalni vladari uglavnom rešavali silom. Kada detaljnije analiziramo i posmatramo Nigeriju odnono njen postkolonijalni period možemo reći da je u najmanju ruku turbulentan i diskutabilan a uz sve to i prožet problemima etničkih manjina, nejednakih formula raspodele prihoda, asimetričnim državnim strukturama, nedostatakom pravog federalizma, nemogućnosti da se objave tačne brojke popisa stanovništva, etno-religijskim krizama i tako dalje. Ono što zabrinjava jeste da se ovi izazovi ponovo pojavljuju u svakodnevnom životu Nigerijaca kao pretnja postojanju Nigerije. Sve ovo ukazuje na vidljive kompleksnosti i kontradikcije postkolonijalne Nigerije u pet decenija političke nezavisnosti i skoro dve decenije demokratije. Ono što je počelo aneksijom Lagosa i kasnije uništenjem raznih kraljevstava, završilo se stvaranjem jednog novog entiteta koji je obuhvatao više od tri stotine grupa ljudi različitih istorija, kultura i orijentacija koji su skoro u stalnom konfliktu. Cilj ovog rada biće detaljna analiza postkolonijalnog sistema vlasti i njegovog uticaja na pojavu i eskalaciju sukoba i konflikata u Nigeriji.

Ključne reči:

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Srpska politička misao 3/2021 3/2021 УДК 325.3:32(669.1)“1960/2021“ 57-78
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