Dr. Tijana Perić Diligenski



Institute for Political Studies


Consultant on Anti-Corruption

Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Serbia


Teaching Assistant

Faculty of Law, Belgrade University



Faculty of Political Sciences, Belgrade University



Faculty of Law, Belgrade University



Faculty of Law, Belgrade University



Dr. Tijana Perić Diligenski (1986) is a Senior Research Associate at the Institute for Political Studies. She graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Belgrade (2009), where she also completed her master's studies (2011). He is at his home faculty in the 2010/2011 school year. In 2010, she was engaged as a teaching assistant in the course Basics of Sociology and Sociology of Law. She has been employed at the Institute for Political Studies since October 2011. She received her doctorate in 2017 at the Faculty of Political Sciences of the University of Belgrade. Her monograph Discourse on Political Corruption (2021, Čigoja Press) was shortlisted for the Vojin Milić Award for the best book in sociology published in 2021. As a national anti-corruption consultant, she was involved in numerous international projects. Her area of ​​expertise includes corruption and anti-corruption public policies, informal institutions, post-communist transition, judiciary, European Union, migration. She speaks English and Russian. Married, mother of two daughters.



The topic of this scientific work is placed in the domain of social anomie. The effects of the action of informal forms of social anomie cause social entropy and indicate the permanent topicality of the topic. Social anomie destroys social processes, devalues institutions and devastates the fundamental values on which the community rests, so the social significance of research is unquestionable. Scientific justification is contained in the need to shed light on phenomena and processes from the domain of social pathology. The aim of the research is to define, classify, sistematize the observed phenomena and to offer optimal solutions to overcome them. The work for the Subject of reserch has: discovering the forms of social anomie, pointing out the harmful effects of these informal forms of social behavior, as well as proposing solutions to overcome the resulting situation in order to remove the harmful effects. In their work, the authors start from: the observation method, the development method, the comparative approach, the cross-cultural method, and the numerous methods of legal sciences. The subject framework of the research moves in the area of: sociology, social pathology, political and legal sciences. We have explained the logic of various forms of institutional action that cause social anomie and violate the basic rules of behavior on which a community rests. Anomic conditions point to illegal activity and violation of basic legal acts. And yet, social anomie goes beyond legal frameworks, pointing to the lack of social rules in regulating social relations that escape legal sanctions. Therefore, it is important to have a collective consciousness, which, among other things, distinguishes the value and moral elements of a community. Public opinion, public pressure, sense of responsibility, institutional procedures, as well as the rule of law, direct actors-in-situation towards those behaviors that significantly reduce anomic conditions.



The paper focuses on the normative analysis of anti - corruption institutional engineering in the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Based on the analysis of the content of the national anti-corruption normative acts of the post-Yugoslav republics, the findings on the institutional logic of combating corruption as an informal institution and systemic deviation are reached. The effects of preventive and repressive suppression of corruption in the post-Yugoslav republics indicate that the best results in institutional design are achieved by constituting new independent institutions rather than redesigning existing ones. Comparative experiences of criminal law reactions to corrupt forms of crime indicate a disproportion between the number of acts issued by repressive bodies (number of criminal charges, indictments and final convictions) and the absence of statistical data on the number of prosecuted public officials. A uniform methodology for monitoring criminal cases with a corrupt element has not been established in most post-Yugoslav republics, which introduces bias into the work of repressive bodies and makes it impossible to plan criminal policy. The police compile statistics based on the number of reported crimes, the prosecution records the number of reported persons and court statistics are based on the number of cases (which is additionally unreliable because the number of cases often does not correspond to the number of cases). It is necessary to establish a single record for corruption offenses that would allow the exchange of information and databases between all bodies relevant to the supression of corruption.



In the text of the paper, legal nihilism is understood as a selective, arbitrary and informal political-command implementation of law that results in its abuse. Political actors, judicial officials and citizens are detected as legal nihilists and all of them are characterized by deficient legal consciousness, which is reflected in the disrespect or relativization of legal norms and values incorporated into them. Following theoretical considerations of legal nihilism as a manifestation of non-legal consciousness, the practical side of this phenomenon is portrayed primarily through the Russian and secondarily through the Serbian archetype. It is concluded that legal nihilism occurs in the contexts of legal uncertainty, authoritarian tendencies, and omnipresent political-cultural matrix. Paradigmatic examples include Russia and Serbia as states where the rule of law and the ethos of civic obligations have never truly taken root. Legal nihilism turns the judiciary into a politically dependent category that circumvents the juridical logic. The criminal, political, corrupt and informal behavior of the justice deliberator is manifested in all sorts of manifestations such as the de facto purchase of court decisions, selective and false investigations (false suing, prosecution of innocents) and prosecutor's failure to act. Reducing nihilistic sentiment primarily depends on decision makers' capacity to build institutions of trust, credibility and integrity. The contribution of citizens as private actors who will refrain from seeking rents as well as public officials seeking a bribe following the process of democratization should not be ignored. When the order to invest in legal activities comes to life, legal nihilism will be consequently reduced, as “the most unpleasant of all guests”.