Main topic




This paper explores the relationship between level of education and possibility of involment in terrorism and tries to answer the question if there is a direct corelation between these two variables. Despite the public opinion that terrorists are uneducated, numerous empirical research show exactly the opposite – that they are on average educated members of middle class. In this paper we firstly address those research that exposed high level of education of terrorists and then we are exploring theoretical explanations of those research results. After this overview, we are using rational choice theory and general strain theory to explain our thesis that there is no direct corelation between level of education and possibility of becoming a terrorist. Instead, we believe that this corelation is mediated by social and economic situation in states which are affected by terrorism. At the end of the article, instead of conclusion we are offering some recommendations that can be implemented in the education systems, and which can hopefully prevent radicalization and terrorism.

keywords :


    • Agnew, Robert. 2010. „A general strain theory of terrorism“. Theoretical Criminology14(2): 131-153.
    • Basra, Rajan and Neumann, Peter. R. 2016. „Criminal pasts, terrorist futures: European jihadists and the new crime-terror nexus“. Perspectives on Terrorism10(6): 25-40.
    • Berrebi, Claude. 2007. „Evidence about the link between education, poverty and terrorism among Palestinians“. Peace economics, peace science and public policy13(1): 18-53.
    • Bravo, Ana Bela Santos and Dias, Carlos Manuel Mendes. 2006. „An empirical analysis of terrorism: Deprivation, Islamism and geopolitical factors“. Defence and Peace Economics17(4): 329-341.
    • Brockhoff, Sarah, Krieger, Tim and Meierrieks, Daniel. 2010. „Ties that do not bind (directly): the education-terrorism nexus revisited“. Available at SSRN 1647664.
    • Crenshaw, Martha. 1981. „The causes of terrorism“. Comparative politics13(4): 379-399.
    • De Mesquita, Ethan Bueno. 2005. „The quality of terror“. American journal of political science49(3): 515-530.
    • Gambetta, Diego and Hertog, Steffen. 2009. „Why are there so many Engineers among Islamic Radicals?“. European Journal of Sociology/Archives Européennes de Sociologie50(2): 201-230.
    • Gurr, Ted Robert. 1970. Why men rebel. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    • Hess, Gregory and Blomberg, S. Brock. 2005. „From (No) Butter to Guns? Understanding the Economic Role in Terrorism“. Paper written for World Bank Workshop on Security and Development
    • Honaker, James. 2004. „Unemployment and violence in Northern Ireland: a missing data model for ecological inference.“ Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Midwest Political Science Association.
    • Huntington, Samuel. 1996. The clash of civilizations and the making of a new world order. New York.
    • Krueger, Alan B. and Malečková, Jitka. 2003.“Education, poverty and terrorism: Is there a causal connection?“ Journal of Economic perspectives17(4): 119-144.
    • Lee, Alexander. 2011. „Who becomes a terrorist?: Poverty, education, and the origins of political violence“. World Politics63(2): 203-245.
    • Li, Quan and Schaub, Drew. 2004. „Economic globalization and transnational terrorism: A pooled time-series analysis“. Journal of conflict resolution48(2): 230-258.
    • Li, Quan. 2005. „Does democracy promote or reduce transnational terrorist incidents?“. Journal of Conflict resolution49(2): 278-297.
    • Ljujic, Vanja, van Prooijen, Jan Willem and Weerman, Frank. 2017. „Beyond the crime-terror nexus: socio-economic status, violent crimes and terrorism“. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice.
    • Makarenko, Tamara. 2012. „Europe’s Crime-Terror Nexus: Links between terrorist and organised crime groups in the European Union.“ Study for the LIBE committee. Brussels: European Parliament
    • Makarenko, Tamara. 2004. „The Crime-Terror Continuum: Tracing the Interplay between Transnational Organised Crime and Terrorism“. Global Crime, 6(1): 129-145.
    • Merton, Robert K. 1957. Social structure and anomie. New York.
    • Nikodinović, Nikša. 2017. Američka nacionalna strategija za borbu protiv terorizma na početku 21. veka. Doktorska disertacija. Fakultet političkih nauka Univerziteta u Beogradu
    • Russell, Charles A. and Miller, Bowman H. 1977. „Profile of a Terrorist“. Studies in conflict & terrorism1(1): 17-34.
    • Sageman, Marc. 2008. Leaderless jihad: Terror networks in the twenty-first century. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    • Schmid, Alex P. 2005. „Links between Terrorism and Drug Trafficking: A Case of „Narco-terrorism“?“. International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security. 8: 27.
    • Shelley, Louise.I. and Picarelli, John.T. 2005. „Methods and motives: Exploring links between transnational organized crime and international terrorism“. Trends in Organized Crime, 9(2): 52-67.
    • Simeunović, Dragan. 2009. Terorizam. Beograd: Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu
PERIODICS Political Review 3/2020 3/2020 УДК 37.06:323.28 33-54