ESSEYS AND STUDIES
ON THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION AND GEOPOLITICAL DESTINY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA KRAJINA
Following the First World War in accord with the right of the peoples to their self-determination two important international documents London Agreement (1915) and Fourteen Points Woodroo Wilson (1918) were offered to Serbia to establish the state on almost whole her ethnic-linguistic territory. The Serbian government accepted none of the abovementioned documents. Instead of them, the king Aleksandar and the government of Nikola Pasic had unified Serbs with Slovenians and Croats, who accepted the unification for the accomplishment of their own tactical reasons, in order to preserve their people and territory. In their desire to have their own state the Croats used various means to break up both Alekandar and Tito’s Yugoslav states. In order to help the accomplishment of such objective Josip Broz continued the politics of the leaders of HSS Radic and Macek, who had brought to attention the issue of Vojvodina as he constructed the idea of creation of its autonomy, as well as the autonomy of Kosovo and Metohija. Tito’s political ideology was based on the idea of elimination of the possibility of national unification of the Serbian people, with the objective that „Croatia gets out from the state of humiliation and preserve the integrity within the borderlines she gained as a „Banovina“ in 1939 and prevent its national disintegration“. While in Croatia there were not created the autonomies, within the borderlines of Serbia there were created two autonomies. The autonomy of Vojvodina was designed to make the establishment of Croatian state easier and also to accomplish it in as larger teritorrial frame as possible. While fighting for „unified Croatia“ Tito was „supported“ by Rankovic and Djilas in his strong opposition to the suggestion of Mosa Pijade to establish a Serbian autonomy in Croatia. The right of people to self-determination did not enter nto the Covenant of the League of Nations (1920), but later it endered into the Charter of the United Nations Organization (1941) and other international legal documents which define this right, and in all cases the implementation of this right depended on global geopolitical constellation of big powers and their interests. Also it depended on the force, will and other attributes of the people who called upon the right to self-determination for themselves. However, a correct interpretation of the right to self-determination implies that this right belongs to the peoples and not to national minorities. Therefore in case of the Republic of Srpska Krajina there was a harsh violation of the right of the Krajina Serbs to self-determination, just like in case of „Kosovo“ state, when by the recognition of such terrorist NATO creation there was also the word about the abusing of the right to self-determination. In both of these cases the right of Serbian people in Krajina and the right of Serbia as a state were overshadowed by global geopolitics of NATO and the West, by which the Serbian people and its political and state creations were percepted as some „guerrila“ forces which prevented them from their geopolitical march on Russia.