Main topic




US foreign policy is one of the most important topics in today’s geopolitical discourse who take the multipolarisation of international relations as an indispensable starting point. Therefore, the subject research in this paper will be based on examining the possibility of contemporary reaffirmation of the Monroe Doctrine. The point is also to try to look further at US diplomacy and possibly assume its further course compared to the increased influence of Russia and the People’s Republic of China in Central and South America today. The first part of the paper deals with the 19th century and the geo-strategic context of the American continent who determined the model of the Western Hemisphere (North, Central and South America) – the basis of the Monroe Doctrine. The idea of this model, as a unique sphere of interest of the USA, in the paper it is given importance and evaluation that it served as a principle in the geostrategic division of Europe after the Second World War. The second part of the paper presents the implementation of the Monroe Doctrine and the establishment of the Western Hemisphere through interventionist policies conducted by the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries. Examples of individual countries in Central and South America show interventionism based on a combination of US economic and military power, making the pattern recognizable in other parts of the world in the later post-Cold War period. The third part specifically reveals the today’s presenceof Russia and the People’s Republic of China in the Western Hemisphere, pointing to models of cooperation between these countries and Latin American countries. On the basis of all this, the conclusion is that the western hemisphere of the USA is again “threatened”, that is, for the first time since the end of the Cold War, there is an increased influence of other countries in the region which the United States long ago declared its area of interest.

keywords :


    • Гедис Луис Џон, Изненађења, безбедност и искуство Америке – Предавања о америчкој цивилизацији и управљању, Клуб плус, 2008.
    • Давид Ђ. Дашић, Историја дипломатије-еволуција дипломатског метода, Алтера, Београд, 2012.
    • Кисинџер Хенри, Дипломатија, Клуб плус, Београд, 2011.
    • Кисинџер Хенри, Светски поредак: размишљања о карактеру држава и правцу историје, Клуб плус, Београд, 2015.
    • Џуверовић Немања, „Улога САД у друштвеним и политичким процесима у Латинској Америци током ХХ века“, Годишњак 2009, Факултет политичких наука, Београд, 2009, стр. 477-495.
    • Gurganus Julia, Russia: Playing Geopolitical Game in Latin America, CarnegieEndowmentforInternationalPeace, Washington, 2019.
    • McPhersonAlan,A Short History of U.S. Interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean, Blackwell Publishing Ltd.Hoboken, 2016.
    • Meyer J. Peter and Gracia Y. Edward, S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: FY2019 Appropriations, Congressional Research Service, Washington, 2019.
    • Monroe Doctrine; December 2, 1823, Интернет:;
    • Renehan Ј. Edward, The Monroe Doctrine: The Cornerstone of American Foreign Policy, Chelsea House, NewYork, 2007.
    • Rabe G Stephen, „Theodore Roosevelt, the Panama Canal, and the RooseveltCorollary: Sphere of Influence Diplomacy“, A Companion to Theodore Roosevelt (Serge Ricard), Blackwell Publishing Ltd.Hoboken, 2011, p. 274-293.
    • Sullivan P.Mark, Latin America and the Caribbean: U.S. Policy Overview, Congressional Research Service, Washington, 2019.
    • Sullivan P.Mark and Lum Thomas, China’s Engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, Congressional Research Service, Washington, 2019.
    • Thomas Jefferson on the Monroe Doctrine, Интернет:;
    • Welt Cory, Russia: Background and U.S. Policy, Congressional Research Service, Washington, 2019.
PERIODICS Political Review 1/2020 1/2020 УДК 32.01Monroe J.:327(73) 135-157