Dušan Pavlović

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Faculty of Political Science, University of Belgrade

PERIODIKA

NEOLIBERALNA ZABLUDA 26 GODINA KASNIJE: NESAVRŠENOST TRŽIŠTA I ULOGA DRŽAVE U TRANZICIJI U ISTOČNOJ EVROPI POSLE 1989. GODINE

Da li je i pod kojim uslovima neoliberalna ekonomska politika primenjiva u Centralnoj i Istočnoj Evropi posle sloma komunizma 1989. godine? U prvom delu iznosi se definicija neoliberalizma kao ekonomskog sistema u kome dominira privatna svojina, lična inicijativa, tržišna alokacija resursa i minimalna država. Ova definicija izvedena je iz privrednih modela SAD i Velike Britanije tokom osamdesetih godina 20. veka. Potom se razmatra teza o nesavršenosti tržišta i državno rešenje za problem informacione asimetrije, odn. problem principala i agenta. Budući da sama stvara političke felere i neefikasnu alokaciju resursa, državna intervencija može se opravdati jedino ako je sama utemeljena u institucionalnom rešenju za problem principala i agenta.

PERIODIKA

RACIONALNI IZBOR – PRIMENA U POLITIČKOJ NAUCI

Tekst objašnjava značaj teorije racionalnog izbora za političku nauku. To se radi na dva načina. Najpre se ukazuje na paradoks racionalnosti, tj. na nesposobnost demokratskih institucija da proizvedu logički koherentnu odluku (koja ne bi kršila princip tranzitivnosti preferencija). Sagledavaju se i njene implikacije na parlamentarno odlučivanje kroz Mekilvijevu teoremu haosa i moguće teorijske odgovore na nju. Tekst se završava pregledom teorija o formiranju koalicija. Zaključak je da politička nauka utemeljena u teoriji racionalnog izbora ima polovičan uspeh u pogledu uspostavljanja prediktivnih zakona u politici.

PERIODIKA

The Budgetary Process: An Analysis of the Legislative Measures in Serbia and Croatia

This paper looks into the effects of political institutions on government fiscal policy. Our aim is to establish whether a legislative body has the power to influence the budget proposal tabled by the government. This leverage is measured in the analysis of the six indicators (so-called Wehner scale) which combined, make up the index of parliamentary power in Serbia and in Croatia. In the final section, the results obtained from our analysis are presented in a comparative perspective. Our assessment refers exclusively to legislative measures, not practice.

PERIODIKA

The Budget Dilemma and Public Spending: Evidence from Ten Postcommunist Countries

The paper examines whether the number of parties in the cabinet and the type of coalition affect the level of public spending. It offers a statistical analysis of two hypotheses: (1) the larger the number of parties in the cabinet, the higher the public spending; (2) minority and minimal winning coalitions tend to spend more, whereas large majority coalitions tend to spend less. The analysis draws on statistical data from ten East-Central European countries, with the data confirming the first and rejecting the second hypothesis. The paper offers two novelties. First, it defines a new concept (the Budget Dilemma) to test the relationship between the number of parties and the level of public spending. Second, it uses data about the countries that has appeared less frequently in similar types of research and studies, providing new observations for testing the relationship between the number of the parties in a cabinet and the level of public spending.

PERIODIKA

How Democratic Institutions Emerge

The paper discusses the emergence of democratic institutions. It assumes that institutions can be created if they are compliance-inducing, and tries to answer the question when and why institutions bring about compliance. The paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, I discuss the emergence of institutions generally by applying the concept of the social dilemma. In the second part, I look into the compliance-inducing capability of democratic institutions.

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