Biljana T. Prodović Milojković

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PERIODIKA

DISTANCE OF SERBIAN, MACEDONIAN AND BULGARIAN STUDENTS TOWARDS NEIGHBORING NATIONS

The paper establishes the degree of distance of the student population in Serbia, Macedonia and Bulgaria towards neighboring nations. The measured distance indicates the conflicting potential of the observed student population, as well as the possibility of mitigating this potential through common “friends”. In addition to the average distance, the degree of homogeneity of the student population in relation to the measured distance is analyzed, which indicates a consolidation of ethnic identity by identifying/constructing a common “enemy”. The distance is measured by the Bogardus scale of seven (un)acceptable relations (with uneven degree of intimacy) with members of the neighboring nations. We have found that realistic conflict as perceived threat by Serbian students translates into relatively smaller distance towards ethnic out-groups than symbolic threat to national identity as perceived by Macedonian students. In all three subsamples the magnitude of distance is associated with the field of study, in Serbian subsample with parents’ education, and in neither subsample it is associated with students’ sex. The analysis was carried out on the data from the empirical research of the value orientations of students within the project “Tradition, modernization and national identity in Serbia and the Balkans in the process of European integration”, realized by the Center for Sociological Research at the Faculty of Philosophy in Nis.

PERIODIKA

HOFSTEDOV MODEL NACIONALNIH DIMENZIJA - sa posebnim osvrtom na vrednosne dimenzije srpske nacionalne kulture

Cilj rada je da se ukaže na značaj potpunog razumevanja uticaja nacionalne kulture, pozivajući se na analizu šest njenih dimenzija, pristupa postavljenog od strane holandskog autora Gerta Hofsteda. Pored objašnjenja načina rešavanja osnovnih pitanja i problema društva, Hofsted je, analizom navedenih dimenzija, dao veoma snažan podsticaj velikom broju interkulturnih istraživanja, kreirajući tako osnovu za sva dalja proučavanja uticaja nacionalne kulture na različite aspekte.

Poseban fokus rada usmeren je na analizu vrednosnih dimenzija srpske nacionalne kulture, izdvajajući značaj Hofstedovih pretpostavki i realnog stvarnog stanja, uz pokušaj sistemskog i holističkog objašnjenja postojećeg odstupanja i njenih odlika.

PERIODIKA

KULTURA MIRA, OPSTANAK I RAZVOJ ČOVEČANSTVA I EMANCIPACIJA ČOVEKA

Prikaz knjige: Ljubiša Mitrović, Homo religiosus i kultura mira, Niš, Filozofski fakultet u Nišu, 2010.

PERIODIKA

DILEMA MLADIH OSTATI ILI OTIĆI

Autori u radu analiziraju različita obeležja mladih (studenske populacije) koja utiču na razmišljanja i delanja u pravcu emigracije. Upravo jedna takva njihova orijentacija upućuje na zaključak da je reč o njihovoj nedovoljnoj integraciji u društvu. Namera autora je da na osnovu iskazanih obeležja dokažu ili opovrgnu takvu konstataciju. Rad je obogaćen obiljem korisnih informacija, ali sa tendencijom da se iskazana saznanja moraju iskoristiti i poslužiti kao osnova za konkretne akcije ka rešavanju problema sa kojima se mladi suočavaju, a sve u cilju da dati podaci ne ostanu samo hrpa procenata.

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