Tema broja

Srpska politička misao

Theoretical frameworks for constructing a model for analysis of Islamic discourse on YouTube: one view from Serbia

Sažetak

The starting point of this paper an assumption that videos on the YouTube Internet portal relating to Islam produce intolerant and radical discourse that may be a factor of radicalization through their contents, the ways of  the shaping of the content, and by their presentation modes. Thus, the aim of the study is to present theoretical frameworks and possible research tools needed to construct a model for the analysis of the Islamic discourse on YouTube. This paper draws on various theoretical approaches, indicate a large number of potential analytical concepts, sub-models, instruments and criteria. It argues in favour of theoretical pluralism, as well as a pluralistic approach and models, openness to accepting diverse methodological instruments, and stresses the need of multidisciplinary in the analysis. Consideration of the relationship between the concepts of politics, discourse and Islamic discourse led to a conclusion about the need of a particular emphasis on the use of critical discourse analysis (CDA) and political discourse analysis (PDA) settings. The results of the research indicate that Islamic discourse on YouTube in a large number of videos, with more or less open manipulative content (visible to the average viewer), aims at consolidating an unquestionable framework of understanding and knowledge of reality – as well as comprehending of the history. Designing a framework for understanding reality and through associated eschatology, the rules of everyday action, principles and limits of tolerance,  and identity – especially through discursive strategies and argumentation and beliefs that establish enemies – Islamic discourse on YouTube interprets  reality, constructs and impose the only possible reality, and the necessity of achieving the ideal universal Islamic perfection.

Ključne reči:

Reference

    • Alava S., Frau-Meigs D., Hassan G. (2017), “Youth and violent extremism on social media: Mapping the research”, Published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, [online] Available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000260382 [Accessed  22 January 2019].
    • Allan H., Glazzard A., Jesperson S,, Reddy-Tumu S., Winterbotham E. (2015), “Drivers of Violent Extremism: Hypotheses and Literature Review, Royal United Services Institute, [online] Available at: https://www.academia.edu/20719730/Drivers_of_violent_extremism_hypotheses_and_literature_review [Accessed  03. February 2019].
    • Archetti C. (2015) Terrorism, Communication and New media: Explaining Radicalisation in the Digital Age, Perspectives on Terrorism, [online] Available at: www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/401/794 [Accessed 03. February 2019].
    • Fairclough N., Fairclough I. (2015) “Chapter 13. Textual Analysis”. In: Bevir, M. & Rhodes, R. A. W. (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of Interpretive Political Science, London: Routledge, pp. 186-198, [online] Available at:  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283124219_Textual_analysis [Accessed  22 January 2019].
    • Lakić I. (2014) “Analiza pisanog diskursa”. In: Perović S. (eds.) Analiza diskursa: teorije i metode, Podgorica: Institut za strane jezike, pp. 57-76.
    • How does the Internet facilitate radicalization” (2017), War Studies Department, King’s College London, Word Count: 4036, [online] Available at: https://www.academia.edu/32437280/How_does_the_Internet_facilitate_radicalization [Accessed  22 January 2019].
    • Павлићевић П. (2018) “Однос европског идентитета и ислама: Јутјуб садржаји као модус анализе”, Култура полиса, Посебно издање No. 2: pp. 193-213.
    • Pavlićević P. (2014) “The importance of leader’s abilities in political leadership”, Nauka i društvo, No. 2: pp. 89-112.
    • Pedersen O. K. (2011) “Discourse Analysis”. In: Badie B., Berg-Schlosser D., Morlino L. (eds), International Encyclopedia of Political Science, SAGE Publications, Inc., pp. 672-676, [online] Available at: eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/results?vid=0&sid=406a7659-60f5-49ac-87fd-f37ff9d7b42d%40sessionmgr120&bquery=International%2BEncyclopedia%2Bof%2BPolitical%2BScience%252c%2BGeneral%2BEditors%2BBertrand%2BBadie%252c%2BDirk%2BBerg-Schlosser%252c%2BLeonardo%2BMorlino%252c%2BCopyright%2B%25c2%25a9%2B2011.%2BSAGE%2BPublications%252c&bdata=JnR5cGU9MCZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZl [Accessed  23 January 2018].
    • Prajs S. (2011) “Izučavanje medija”. Bograd: Clio.
    • “Studies into violent radicalisation; Lot 2 The beliefs ideologies and narratives” (2008), Change Institute for the European Commission (Directorate General Justice, Freedom and Security), [online] Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/doc_centre/terrorism/docs/ec_radicalisation_study_on_ideology_and_narrative_en.pdf [Accessed  22 January 2019].
    • Vuković M. (2014a) “Analiza političkog diskursa”. In: Perović S. (eds.) Analiza diskursa: teorije i metode, Podgorica: Institut za strane jezike, pp. 213-247.
    • Vuković M. (2014b) “Kritička analiza diskursa”. In: Perović S. (eds.) Analiza diskursa: teorije i metode, Podgorica: Institut za strane jezike, pp. 97-114.
    • Wang J. (2016) “A New Political and Communication Agenda for Political Discourse Analysis: Critical Reflections on Critical Discourse  Analysis and Political Discourse Analysis”, International Journal of Communication, [online] Available at: https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/viewFile/3847/1679 [Accessed  22 January 2019].
    • Wodak R. (2015) “Critical Discourse Analysis, Discourse-Historical Approach”. In: Karen Tracy (General eds.), Cornelia Ilie and Todd Sandel (Associate eds.) The International Encyclopedia of Language and Social Interaction: JohnWiley & Sons, pp. 1-14, [online] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280621881_Critical_Discourse_Analysis_Discourse-Historical_Approach [Accessed  19 April 2018].
    • Živković B. (2014) “Analiza konverzacije: od sociologije do lingvistike”. In: Perović S. (eds.) Analiza diskursa: teorije i metode, Podgorica: Institut za strane jezike, pp. 77-95.
PERIODIKA Srpska politička misao 4/2019 4/2019 UDC 28:316.647.7]:004.738.5 143-171
ç