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OGLEDI I STUDIJE

PRIRODA POLITIČKOG REŽIMA KAO FAKTOR RIZIKA OD IZBIJANJA GRAĐANSKOG RATA

Sažetak

Građanski ratovi predstavljaju događaje koji izazivaju značajne posledice po državu na čijoj teritoriji se odvijaju. Brojna su naučna istraživanja građanskih ratova kao socio-političke pojave, ali i kao fenomena koji može nastati usled različitih faktora unutar određene države. Cilj ovog članka je da prikaže ključne akademske debate i pravce promišljanja o povezanosti između mogućnosti izbijanja građanskih ratova i tipa političkog režima. Najveći broj istraživačkih studija ukazuje da uslovi koji postoje u prelaznim oblicima političkih režima, takozvanim poludemokratijama, imaju najveći konfliktni potencijal. Međutim, u analizu se moraju uključiti i brojni drugi faktori poput, tranzicije vlasti, izbornog sistema, institucija, i postojećih ekonomskih i socijalnih uslova u državi. Pored ovoga, nastojali smo da prikažemo i osnovne dileme koje se tiču izbora adekvatnog instrumenta za merenje tipa političkog režima, kao kritičnog faktora koji može odrediti rezultate istraživanja.

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PERIODIKA Politička revija 1/2017 УДК 321.6/.8:355.426 223-242
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