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PROTIVREČNOSTI U SAVREMENIM MEĐUNARODNIM ODNOSIMA

PRAVNE DILEME UPOTREBE DRONOVA U BORBI PROTIV TERORIZMA

Sažetak

U radu se razmatraju pravni aspekti upotrebe naoružanih dronova radi sprovođenja politike ciljanog ubijanja u protivterorističkim operacijama. Od terorističkih napada 2001. godine, politika upotreba dronova radi sprovođenja ciljanog ubijanja postala je centralni deo američke protivterorističke strategije. Međutim, upotreba dronova u protivterorističkim operacijama, sa ciljem izvršenja ciljanih ubistava, izazvala je brojne kontroverze i dospela u žižu interesovanja javnosti. S jedne strane, apologete politike ciljanog ubijanja putem naoružanih dronova smatraju da je u skladu sa pravom na samoodbranu i adekvatnim rezolucijama Saveta bezbednosti politika ciljanog ubijanja legitimno sredstvo borbe u ratu protiv terorizma. Oni ističu prednosti koji proističu iz upotrebe dronova, navodeći kako je reč o tehnologiji koja zbog hirurške preciznosti smanjuje rizik od gubitaka života nedužnih civila. S druge strane, mnogobrojni stručnjaci, naučnici, novinari i nevladine organizacije javno su istupili protiv ovakve politike, ističući da se upotrebom dronova krše neki od osnovnih principa prava ljudskih prava i međunarodnog humanitarnog prava. U ovom radu biće predstavljeni argumenti za i protiv upotrebe naoružanih dronova, sa akcentom na neke od najkontroverznijih pravnih dilema, kao što su ciljano ubijanje i distinkcija.

Ključne reči:

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