Uroš V. Šuvaković
Filozofski fakultet, Katedra za sociologiju, Univerzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici
Orientation towards EU Integration and Existence of Euroidentity – Serbian Students Attitudes
This paper is based on the empirical research conducted among students in Serbia, at two universities: University of Belgrade and University in Priština with the temporary seat in Kosovska Mitrovica. Results obtained show that the issue of EU accession and the feeling of European identity are not one and the same thing. While students show a closely pro-European orientation, the percentage of accession support varies due to the influence of various factors (developments in Kosovo and Metohija, various statements by EU officials that are perceived as conditionalities for Serbia). However, when asked if they had some supranational identification, i.e. if they felt like Europeans, a small number of them identified themselves as such. This finding on the absence of a European identity combined with a positive orientation regarding the accession to the EU affirms Brzezinski’s thesis from his interview with D. Rothkopf (July 2014) that the “EU then turned out to be, in the end, essentially a distributed arrangement in Brussels involving money and quid pro quos, but very little sense of common purpose”.
The Value of Patriotism for Students in Russia and Serbia
Results of the survey regarding the relation of students with reference to the values of patriotism in Moscow, Belgrade and partly in Kosovska Mitrovica are comparatively presented in the paper. The technique of questionnaire was applied in the survey, in Moscow on random and in Belgrade on two-stage, quota sample, while the instrument was the same. The survey on student population was also performed in Kosovska Mitrovica, but by another instrument application, so that conclusions on students' patriotism might be indirect. The results of the survey in both countries show that more than the half of students declare themselves as patriots, while this percentage grows with Serbian students when the patriotism is concretized (e.g. the relation regarding Kosovo). It is noticeable that Russian students in the first place show patriotic pride regarding the heroic history of their country, while Serbian students put in the first place deideologized values – natural beauties.