PROTECTION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES – EXPERIENCE OF COUNTRIES IN TRANSITION
Constant changes in international relations, as well as increase of security challenges, risks and threats, make the security situation very complex, both at national and supranational level. Th is results in critical infrastructure gaining new dimensions and larger signifi cance. Namely, since critical infrastructure is an important segment of national security, its protection presents one of priorities of all countries. Starting from the fact that countries in transition have various experiences in the fi eld of protection of critical infrastructure, the subject of analysis of this paper are normative and organizational structure of protection of critical infrastructure in the Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Croatia, whose experiences could be applied in the Republic of Serbia. Based on obtained results we came to the conclusion that R. Slovenia and R. Croatia, because of their spatial-geographic, political, socio-economic and cultural similarities, as well as concerning adoption and implementation of the policy of protection of critical infrastructures, are a good reference point for deriving lessons from the experiences which could be applied in the Republic of Serbia. In fact, these countries have done research of critical infrastructures with implementation of the criteria of inter-sector analysis, with the aim of identifi cation of the most important critical infrastructural sectors, their functions and tasks, as well as defi ning of organizations, agencies and other governmental and private associations responsible for functioning and protection of critical infrastructures. Following the said good practice, R. Serbia could design and implement its system of protection of crtical infrastructures in accordance with previous experiences of Slovenia and Croatia. However, the models of Slovenia and Croatia cannot be taken over and implemented in R. Serbia without certain modifi cations, because every state has its own specifi c characteristics. R. Serbia does not have coherent frameworks in the fi eld of protection of critical infrastructure. As the biggest problem in this fi eld, we should stress absence of the law on protection of critical infrastructure. In this sense, it is necessary to execute a broadscale research, which would include all sectors of social activities, which would result in a relevant list of critical infrastructures. Also, based on results of the research, relevant degree could be defi ned of how critical an infrastructure is in comparison to others, and characteristic inter-dependencies, specifi c for the territory of Serbia. Aft er that, it is necessary to adopt the law on protection of critical infrastructures, as well as by-laws.