Marko Vignjević

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PERIODICS

CONTEMPORARY REAFFIRMATION OF MONROE DOCTRINE

US foreign policy is one of the most important topics in today's geopolitical discourse who take the multipolarisation of international relations as an indispensable starting point. Therefore, the subject research in this paper will be based on examining the possibility of contemporary reaffirmation of the Monroe Doctrine. The point is also to try to look further at US diplomacy and possibly assume its further course compared to the increased influence of Russia and the People's Republic of China in Central and South America today. The first part of the paper deals with the 19th century and the geo-strategic context of the American continent who determined the model of the Western Hemisphere (North, Central and South America) - the basis of the Monroe Doctrine. The idea of this model, as a unique sphere of interest of the USA, in the paper it is given importance and evaluation that it served as a principle in the geostrategic division of Europe after the Second World War. The second part of the paper presents the implementation of the Monroe Doctrine and the establishment of the Western Hemisphere through interventionist policies conducted by the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries. Examples of individual countries in Central and South America show interventionism based on a combination of US economic and military power, making the pattern recognizable in other parts of the world in the later post-Cold War period. The third part specifically reveals the today's presenceof Russia and the People's Republic of China in the Western Hemisphere, pointing to models of cooperation between these countries and Latin American countries. On the basis of all this, the conclusion is that the western hemisphere of the USA is again "threatened", that is, for the first time since the end of the Cold War, there is an increased influence of other countries in the region which the United States long ago declared its area of interest.

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