Main topic

ESSAYS AND STUDIES

MILITARY FORCE AND POLITICAL POWER

Abstract

Karl von Kllauzevic has determined that „war is a
continuation of politics by other means“, but every war ends with
politics. Therefore, in these lines, it is also worth mentioning that
peace is achieved through the use of military force, and that the
rhetoric of diplomacy has its own other side, which is a sword in
the form of a determined and powerful military force. It is, in fact,
that a respectable military force is the best deterrent to any attempt
at destabilization and aggression, but also the factor determining
the place and role of the state in the international order. Behind
every serious diplomatic performance stands a determined military
force ready to support it and thus show the power of diplomacy and
contribute to the reputation of the state.
The relationship between politics and the military is, in fact,
the relationship between soldiers and citizens, the army and society
as a whole. The extent to which there is mutual understanding,
support and well-organized mechanisms of functioning is so much
success in the joint appearance and unity of military power and
politics. The mutual understanding of the army and society, that is,
politicians and soldiers, is best reflected in the design of military
budgets and the construction and development of the armed forces.
If a budgetary and defense policy and the security challenges, risks
and threats of a time period are put in place, then the civilian,
political accountability towards the military factor, as well as to the
state and the nation at a given moment, is assessed and determined
in the best way.
The ability to govern has two sides and relates to internal
governance within a state and outside which develops within the
limits of the laws of international relations. In such conditions,
quantum of power is often an indicator that dictates the strength and
degree of action of a particular state on the international scene and
has changed during the development of human society. It used to be
the production of iron and steel, then the number of horses owned
by the army, so that the development of humanity eventually became
sources of energy in general, the economic potential, as well as the
technical and technological equipment of the military force.
From a contemporary perspective, determining political
power includes elements of social power, such as: population,
territory, economic power, but also three distinct elements: military
power, political system and ideology.
We must not forget that the conduct of armed conflicts, or
wars, is considered the main process by which the political power of
states can be demonstrated and increased. In this way,
the military power as a part of political power is connected with
other factors of political power: economy, population and territory,
because armed conflicts are causally and consequently intertwined
with these elements.
Also, in support of the previous statement, the fact that the
military force can and does not have to be proportionate to the social
power as a whole, and a society that does not have great social
power can gain great military power if it directs most of its economy
in the direction of strengthening the military force. Military power,
on the other hand, does not have to be proportional to political
power, because the effectiveness of the military force depends on
other factors, such as the motivation of the population for defense,
the fighting spirit, the traditional commitment to the defense of the
state ….etc.
The army and society with all their elements represent an
indivisible whole, which is based on different mutually conditioned
relations, so political and military power are in direct relation
and interdependence one from the other. Their consistency is often
presented as a guarantor of the prosperity of society and certainly
contributes to the stability of the state both in terms of security and
in the smooth development of quality of life.

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References

PERIODICS Nacionalni interes 1/2018 1/2018 УДК 321.01:355.1 27-49
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